How To Install A Surface Mount Electrical Outlet – Our lives have become easier with electricity, inside and outside. It is clear why we need electricity inside, because it can watch TV, surf the web, cook dinner, and turn on the lights.
As far as outdoor electronics go, some people may not understand the importance of outlet location. However, outdoor stores can be used if we need carpentry tools, grills, or Christmas lights.
How To Install A Surface Mount Electrical Outlet
Having an outdoor electrical box makes life easier and safer because extension cords plugged into an indoor outlet are a recipe for disaster.
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When installing outdoor electrical, the new plug process is easy, especially if you have electrical skills behind you.
Our main safety rule is to always use a non-contact voltage tester to test electricity. For those who have no experience, this is best left to the professionals.
In any case, here is a summary of the steps on how to install an outdoor electrical outlet in the yard.
First, the location of the outlet must be determined. It is usually placed on the outside wall of the house and is supported by the existing house path inside the house.
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An existing outdoor outlet is usually attached to a wall if you need it near your existing home, and the new receiver will be attached to the same enclosure. This simply prevents the need to drill a new hole through the stud.
The power must be turned off at the current receiver inside the circuit breaker box. Once this is done, check the outlet to make sure there is no power.
This channel is removed from the wall, and then the wires connected to it are removed and pushed to the side to disappear.
Be sure to add at least an inch of insulation around the current box if necessary. The work box for the wiring is then removed, so the outer wall is visible.
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A one-inch hole is now drilled through the wall to the outside to make a cable path, and a piece of NM-B cable is cut from one box to the other.
This piece of cable is fed through the basement junction box in through the outer hole.
Some pigtail wires are now developed, which are used to connect the internal plug and circuit wires. Once the pigtail cables are connected, the interior can be reinstalled, along with the exterior box and GFCI outlet.
There are various places where outdoor electrical outlets can be placed. However, they must first be installed in their required locations according to the National Electrical Code (NEC).
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For example, when a house is first built, there are certain requirements that determine the number of electrical appliances that should be placed outside the house.
When you meet these requirements, you’re usually a little bit lenient about where you put most of the stops.
Therefore, when deciding the location of the outdoor store and the extra box, it will depend on why you need the tool. You can install the outdoor unit on the outside of your home or against another structure, or you can attach it to a pole or post in the yard with proper access.
Remember that location is important for many reasons, including safety issues that can arise from electrical wiring.
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Building code requires one outdoor receiver in the front of the house and one in the back of the house. These containers should not rise more than six and a half feet from the ground. If you have a balcony, porch, patio, or deck that can be accessed from inside the house, a container is needed.
A swimming pool must have access to an outdoor vessel that is within six feet but not more than 20 feet of the nearest edge of the pool.
It must be a GFCI (Ground Circuit Interrupter) protected receptacle and be installed no more than six and a half feet above the pool deck.
Your main decision about your outdoor store is whether or not you want a free-standing store or if you want the facility to be counter-structured.
Electrical Outlet Installation
An outdoor box or outdoor unit may be needed for a patio area when you need to have a power source for a fire pit, water fountain, or if you need to install outdoor lights, etc.
A counter structure may be required to provide power for a shed, gazebo, outdoor kitchen, etc.
If you’re doing home improvement, especially on the outside of the house, there’s a good chance you’ll need to dig around the yard. Although not required by the NEC, you are encouraged to call 811.
This is the national “Call Before You Dig” hotline. A good rule of thumb is to call them about three days before digging.
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Staff will notify all local service providers of your intention and send someone to your property to mark the location of the line. After you have properly marked, you can use power tools to dig within two feet of the marked line.
Remember that the tools used to find underground lines are not 100% accurate, so you should not dig down to the mark.
Not all old ground wires are in hard metal or other type of conduit, so it’s always best to dig slowly. This will help avoid any unnecessary issues.
The National Electrical Code (NEC) specifies several specific installation requirements for outdoor receivers and equipment.
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We have reviewed the required receptacle locations outside of newly constructed homes—at least one receptacle in the front and rear of the home, which must be at least six and a half feet off the ground.
In addition, arches, decks and balconies accessible from inside the house must have at least one receiver of the same height requirement.
The NEC requires all outdoor receptacles to have a ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) in place. These can be provided with GFCI receptacles or GFCI circuit breakers, as long as there is protection.
The NEC also requires that the face plate of the vessel be on a supporting and secure surface. This is to prevent moisture from entering the room. If the surface is uneven, filler material can be used.
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Weatherproof covers are required for 15-amp and 20-amp, 120/240-volt receptacles located in humid or wet locations.
In addition, stores should have a weatherproof cover that is used over time. It provides protection to the plug as well as the power cord when it is plugged in.
With some electrical background, installing an outdoor receiver yourself is not that difficult. For safety, however, it is generally recommended that installation be performed by a licensed electrician.
The NEC has established many different electrical and building codes that must be followed.
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Permits may also need to be obtained from your local municipality. Here is an example of the permits required in St. Louis, Mo.
It’s often easier and safer to have a professional do the installation than to try to do it yourself and risk possible injury, property damage or a bug – and that fine.
Outdoor power outlets are more convenient and safer than using an extension cord when you need to power landscaping appliances, outdoor lights or water features. You can get the power source you need by using an external source.
However, to make sure it’s done right and everything stays safe, contact an experienced electrician in St. Louis, MO, area or in “I think sometimes people forget about electricity when renovating because it’s expensive and hidden,” says Nancy. “You want to walk home with an electrician before you start talking about shops, where, where do you want new shops, three shops. You want to make sure everything is in order.”
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