How Long Do People Live With Aids – Although there is no cure for HIV, early detection and effective treatment can enable a person with HIV to lead a normal life. However, if left untreated, HIV progresses through four acute stages. If you are concerned that you are at risk, it is important to get tested for HIV.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) attacks a person’s immune system, affecting their ability to fight disease and infection. Therefore, without treatment, HIV can be fatal. Early signs and symptoms of HIV vary from person to person and can easily be mistaken for other diseases. Regular HIV testing can help reduce the long-term health consequences of having HIV.
How Long Do People Live With Aids
Left untreated, HIV typically progresses through four stages. With access to treatment, most people with HIV stay healthy and do not reach the terminal stages. This depends on how early HIV is detected and how well the person responds to treatment, among other lifestyle factors.
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The primary infectious phase lasts only a few weeks, during which a person may suffer from flu-like symptoms such as fever, stomach ache, sore throat or muscle aches. About a fifth of people suffer enough to see a doctor, but HIV is rarely diagnosed.
At this point, the immune system begins to respond to the virus by producing HIV antibodies and cytotoxic lymphocytes – a process called seroconversion. A third-generation HIV test performed before this process is complete may be negative or inconclusive.
Other than swollen glands, the person is mostly symptom-free at this stage and often begins to feel better. On average, this asymptomatic phase lasts about ten years, but it can last up to 15 years. Antibodies to HIV can now be found in the blood and hence an HIV test will give a positive result.
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During that time, HIV remains active inside the lymph nodes, infecting new cells and making copies of itself. A viral load test measures the small amount of HIV that leaves the lymph nodes. This information is very important in HIV treatment.
The immune system can be severely damaged by HIV over the years. Lymph nodes and tissues are damaged or destroyed. As the HIV infection becomes stronger and more diverse the body cannot continue to replace the lost T-helper cells.
Symptoms develop when the immune system fails and include weight loss, chronic diarrhea, night sweats, and fever. Symptoms worsen when the immune system begins to slow down. This is the time when infections called “opportunistic” infections and cancers occur.
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As the immune system becomes more compromised and illnesses become more frequent and severe, AIDS is diagnosed. AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, which is a life-threatening condition. Damage to the immune system severely impairs the body’s ability to fight infections and diseases.
It is entirely your choice whether you want to be tested for HIV on its own or as part of testing for other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Getting tested for many STDs can provide a more complete picture of your current sexual health.
Different HIV tests can be taken at different times, depending on how long it has been since your last anxiety event.
Hiv And Aids
You may choose to be tested for HIV along with other sexually transmitted diseases as part of the test. Testing for a wide range of infections, our screens are designed to give you complete peace of mind about your sexual health.
If you want to get tested for HIV, it can help. We can arrange a confidential appointment at one of our clinics nationwide, or you can test at home with one of our home test kits. Our team of highly trained sexual health counselors are available 24 hours a day, seven days a week by phone or you can leave a message via our live web chat. Contact us with confidence. HIV progresses in three stages. The first symptoms appear within a few weeks of being infected with the virus. But in some cases there may be no symptoms for years.
HIV is a virus that damages the immune system. There is currently no cure for HIV, but since the late 1980s, treatment in the form of antiretroviral drugs has been available to reduce the effects of any symptoms.
Understanding A Positive Result
In most cases, once a person is infected with HIV, the virus remains in the body for life. However, the symptoms of HIV differ from other viral infections in that they appear in stages.
If left untreated, the disease caused by the infection has three stages. Each has different characteristics and complications.
But regular antiretroviral treatment reduces HIV to undetectable levels in the blood. This means that the virus cannot progress to later stages of HIV infection or spread to a partner during sex.
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The first noticeable stage is primary HIV infection. This stage is also known as acute retroviral syndrome (ARS) or acute HIV infection.
It usually causes flu-like symptoms, so it’s possible for someone at this stage to think they have the flu or another viral illness that’s worse than HIV. Fever is the most common symptom.
, the initial symptoms of HIV may appear 2 to 4 weeks after initial exposure. They can last for several weeks. However, some may have symptoms for only a few days.
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ARS is common when a person develops HIV. It’s not for everyone because symptoms may not appear for a decade or more, according to HIV.gov.
Although the virus multiplies rapidly in the weeks following infection, early HIV symptoms usually only appear if the rate of cell destruction is high.
This does not mean that asymptomatic HIV cases are less serious or that an asymptomatic person cannot spread the virus to others.
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HIV infection has several stages. In the early stages after exposure, symptoms may resemble flu or cold symptoms. It resolves spontaneously when HIV is active in the body. It progresses to a chronic infection where symptoms can vary widely but include weight loss, fatigue and unexplained fever. The chronic phase can occur anytime after the acute phase, but it need not be immediately. If left untreated, HIV can progress to AIDS, which is diagnosed based on the number of white blood cells circulating in the blood.
After initial exposure and possible primary infection, HIV reaches a clinically latent infection stage. Because some people have no symptoms, it is also known as asymptomatic HIV infection.
According to HIV.gov, the latency period for HIV infection can be as long as 10 or 15 years. This means that the virus reproduces much more slowly than before. But this does not mean that HIV is gone, nor does it mean that the virus cannot spread to others.
Viral Suppression Is The Goal Of Hiv Medical Care
Symptoms of chronic HIV can range from mild to severe. People may experience the following episodes, especially in advanced stages:
Clinically latent infection leads to the third and final stage of HIV known as AIDS. Progression is more likely if a person with HIV does not receive or adhere to treatment such as antiretroviral therapy.
) Blood is one of the indicators that HIV has reached the end stage. The normal range is 500 to 1600 cells/mm
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Sometimes AIDS depends on a person’s overall health—it develops when HIV significantly weakens the immune system and can lead to AIDS-defining conditions, such as certain infections and cancers that are rare in people without HIV.
People infected with HIV are often advised to get tested once a year. This may include people who:
, and each has a different duration – the time between exposure to HIV and when a test can detect the virus. If you have been exposed to HIV in the past 72 hours, taking post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) can prevent transmission.
Hiv & Aids
Nucleic acid tests can usually detect HIV infection between 10 and 33 days after exposure.
Antigen/antibody tests using blood from a vein have a typical window period of 18 to 45 days, while fingerstick antigen/antibody tests can be used 23 to 90 days after potential exposure.
A positive result can also be confirmed by a further test (a so-called “confirmatory test”). If the second test is positive, you will be diagnosed with HIV.
Living With Hiv / Aids
Finding out that you are HIV positive can be difficult for some people. But there are health professionals who can help both physically and emotionally.
Your general practitioner can help you directly or refer you to someone who has experience with HIV. Alternatively, you can find a local HIV experienced doctor here.
It is important to start treatment as soon as HIV is diagnosed. Contact your doctor or other health care professional if you experience any new or worsening symptoms.
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Infection can be treated with antiretroviral drugs. It should be taken at all stages of HIV – even when there are no visible symptoms.
Stops its replication inside the body and can reduce levels
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