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(wow) Words Of Wonders Level 1953 Answers
This was the Exacta 66, a medium format SLR camera manufactured by Ihagee in Dresden, East Germany from 1953. This model was the second Exacta 66 produced and is currently referred to as the “vertical” model because the film moves vertically through the Camera compared to the horizontally moving earlier version 1939. The Exacta 66 shares some similarities with the 35mm Ihagee's Exacta camera, including their unique shutter speed system that uses a self-timer for slow speeds up to 12 seconds. The unit has a very attractive style but was plagued by reliability issues that gave it such a bad reputation when it was first built. When production ends, it will be the last medium format camera produced by Ihagee.
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Other functions: self-timer, DOF preview, viewfinder shutter, shutter lock, battery check button, double exposure lever, mirror lockup
I doubt there are many camera collectors who don't know about the Ihagee Exakta. Whether it is one of the many 35mm SLRs the company produced from the mid-1930s through the 1970s, to some of the lesser-known variants of Pentacon cameras from the 1970s and 80s, to perhaps the original Exact 127 rolls of film from the company in the 1930s. However, you'd be forgiven if you didn't know that the company also produced 120 rolls of SLR film for a time.
I've covered the Ihagee story a few times, most recently in my in-depth review of the Ihagee Night Exakta B earlier this year. Rather than repeating it all here, I'll summarize, but suggest you check out the reviews for yourself to read them all if you're interested in learning more.
Ihagee was founded by a Dutchman named Johan Steenbergen under the name Industrie-und Handelsgesellschaft, which stands for Industry and Trade Society. Often nicknamed IHG, the company name was eventually shortened to Ihagee Kamarwerk, as Ihagee is pronounced the same in German as “I H G”.
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In 1908, at the age of 21, following his uncle's recommendation, Steenbergen decided to pursue his love of photography full-time and moved to Dresden, Germany. There he began his apprenticeship with Heinrich Ernemann, a.k.a. Dresden, where he worked as a mechanic. In 1910, Steenbergen filed a patent for Ernemann, indicating that he had quickly joined the company in some capacity as a designer or engineer.
In April 1912, Steenbergen founded Industry and Trade Company MBH with financial support from the Dresden Bank. Camera factory with power operation as a wholesaler for photographic products (equipment, accessories and chemicals) and equipment manufacturing. Then there are already a large number of Dresden photo shops, so the original goal of Ihagee was most likely to supply the company with parts from other manufacturers. In the years following its inception, Ihagee focused on manufacturing new equipment and the company name was shortened to Ihagee Kamarwerk.
Little is known about the exact identity of Ihagee products, as many are sold as “white label” designs to other manufacturers or retailers. There were some branded cameras sold under the Photorex and Coronoa names, but a large number of early Ihagee cameras were not labeled with a name, making identification of early Ihagee cameras very difficult.
Between 1919 and 1923, Ihage's business grew and changed location several times, until 1923 the company was based in the Striesen district of Dresden, near the Ernemann and ICA factories.
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Although Ihagee was moderately successful during this era, in the early 1930s it was still years away from the company's greatest achievement, the Exacta camera. It is not clear when work on Exacta began, but interest in the miniature SLR format probably began around 1925 with the release of the Leica, which used double-hole 35mm film.
Leica is made in Wetzlar, and while it's still a German company, it might as well be in another world. What happened in Wetzlar had little effect in Dresden, at least until 1932, when Zeiss Icon published Kontaks.
Ihagee has extensive experience with SLRs and makes many models of sheet and roll film, such as the Serin SLR from the 1920s.
Ihagee's experience in making large format SLRs such as the Ihagee Paff-Reflex and the Serial-Reflex seems to have motivated them to make mini SLRs. Rather than using double-punched 35mm film like those used by Leitz and Zeiss-Ikon, Ihagee's new camera will produce a larger 40mm x 65mm image on 127 rolls of film. The term “miniature” when applied to film during this period includes all types of small film, including 35mm and 127mm.
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Whoever and as Exacta appeared, the earliest cameras rolled off the Ihagee assembly line in late 1932 and made their debut at the 1933 Spring Exhibition in Leipzig, Germany. The name Exacta probably refers to the ability to see through the camera lens exactly what is captured on film.
The Exacta B is the most common “vest bag” Exacta and is available in chrome and black.
The first Exactas introduced the trapezoidal body that would remain a staple of Ihagee camera design for decades to come.
Unlike the more common Exactas of the mid-20th century, the earlier models used Type 127 roll film, then known as “vest pocket” film because it was used in compact folding cameras such as the Kodak Vest Pocket. The image captured by the West Pocket Exactus is 40mm x 65mm, larger than the Leica image, and offers additional detail and resolution.
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Several models are made of the Exacta Pocket Vest, some simpler than others. They are available in black and chrome painted bodies and have a wide range of interchangeable lenses made for them. The Exacta was very well received because it was able to produce very good quality images due to its compact size and larger size than the Leica image. With an interchangeable lens mount and a long list of accessories built for it, the Exacta was the first compact single-lens SLR.
The ad from a 1936 Central Camera catalog shows the Exacta retailing from $75 to $225. The image clearly shows the Exacta A without the delayed action button, although the description mentions the feature, indicating the price is for the Exacta B.
The West Pocket Exacta was moderately successful but did not compete with Ernst Leitz's Leica or other German 35mm competitors such as the Zeiss-Ikon Contax and Kodak Retina. Therefore, a version of Exacta using standard 35 mm film called the Kine Exacta was released in 1936. The name “Kine” is German for “cinema”, short for cinema film. At the time, the most common 35mm film type was double-hole motion picture film, which was the most widely used by the motion picture industry. The use of 35mm motion picture film in still cameras became more common in the 1910s, but only became mainstream with the first Leicas. As a result, many early 35mm cameras used “cinema” film, rather than the common “35mm film” label we use today.
After the release of Kine Exakta, Ihagee did not stop expanding the Exakta brand into new film formats and began work on a larger version of the medium format camera. Although West Pocket film is technically considered medium format, its size is small compared to other roll film formats, limiting it primarily to amateur use. Unlike the West Pocket Exacta, which was fairly sophisticated and capable of producing excellent images, the scope of the 127 roll film cameras were quite basic and marketed to both amateur and novice photographers.
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In the mid-1930s, 6 cm x 6 cm was the image size of choice for professionals with twin-lens reflex models like the Rolleiflex and others like the Zeiss-Ikon Ikoflex and Voigtländer Superb, which were selling well. To capitalize on the growing preference for the 6×6 format, Ihagee worked on the Exacta 6×6 in 1937.
Responsible for the design of the Exacta 6×6 was Willy Teubner, who was also responsible for the original model. The new model will share a similar body shape, shutter design and features as the Kine Exakta, which clearly demonstrates Ihagee's desire for a similar family resemblance. Supporting larger 120 roll film, the body is larger in every dimension and requires its own lens mount, something the West Pocket or Kine Exactas don't have. It is said that one of the earliest challenges in developing a new camera was in