(wow) Words Of Wonders Level 77 Answers – Last week, Apple announced its iPhone 13 and iPhone 13 Pro series, which represent a major advancement in camera technology.
While we wait to get our hands on the device, we wanted to break down the improvements that the new models make over the previous generation. But here it is essential. this year, Apple managed to pack the big sensor and optics we saw in last year’s iPhone 12 Pro Max into the much smaller 13 Mini, right through sensor-shift stabilization technology. So when it comes to this year’s iPhone cameras, think “bigger.”
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Diagonal array of cameras on iPhone 13 and 13 Mini. Diagonal planning ensures that both horizontal and vertical details of the scene create non-zero differences in both portrait and landscape orientations, which creates a depth map in Portrait mode.
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Last year’s iPhone 12 models didn’t see an increase in sensor size from the 11 models until you get to the 12 Pro Max. Sensor size, along with the maximum aperture of the lens, is the biggest determinant of image quality, as dynamic range and low-light performance are closely related to the amount of light you’re shooting in the scene.
New phone, iPhone 13 Mini. Below are all the features of the iPhone 13 (and 13 Mini, which has the same features) compared to last year’s iPhone 12 (and 12 Mini):
The iPhone 13’s 1/1.9-inch (main) sensor captures 47% more light than the iPhone 12’s 1/2.55-inch sensor, thanks to an extra 11.3mm.
Like last year’s iPhone 12 Pro Max, the iPhone 13 and 13 Mini capture ~47% more light than the iPhone 12 and 12 Pro, thanks to a 47% larger sensor area, 1 Thanks to .7 µm pixels (up from 1.4 µm) . The 13 and 13 Mini also get sensor-shift image stabilization from the 12 Pro Max. This will allow for longer exposures in low-light (or less blurry) photos, and can also help shoot more consistent videos. To get an idea of the improved low-light capabilities that this year’s iPhone 13 will bring over last year’s 12 and 12 Pro, check out this 1930’s Night Mode photo of a starry sky with the 12 Pro Max and 12 Pro below compares. . The Gerline camera remains the same.
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The display also improves on the 13 and 13 Mini, which is especially important when it comes to HDR images and Dolby Vision HDR videos that the iPhone shoots (no, not that HDR, this HDR). It is 28% brighter and can reach 800 nits for standard content (SDR), up to 1200 nits for HDR photos and videos (previously only available on Pro models). These maximum light levels can be maintained for a longer time due to the increased efficiency of the display. A ceramic shield on the screen also adds durability.
This year, if you want the best camera, you don’t have to go for the bigger Pro Max model. both the 13 Pro and 13 Pro Max share the same sensors, optics, stability and features. The three cameras on the Pro models feature a 6x optical focal length range;
Let’s take a closer look at the “wide” main camera and how it compares to last year’s iPhone 12 Pro and 12 Pro Max models.
13 Pro and Pro Max 1/1.65″* 1.9μm pixel main camera sensor allows you to reach 44mm.
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Surface that collects 84% more light than last year’s 1/2.55″ sensor in the 12 Pro and 25% more light than the 1/1.9″ sensor in last year’s 12 Pro Max and this year’s 13 and 13 in the Mini models. The lens has gone from F1.6 to a wider F1.5 aperture, which lets in 14% more light.
Bigger sensors, larger apertures and faster apertures mean a significantly larger camera module on this year’s 13 Pro (
(read our article on similarity) so you can get some background lighting and optical separation of objects without Portrait mode. The F6.8 equivalent also gives the iPhone 13 Pro’s main camera only around 2.5EV, which falls short of the light-gathering ability of a full-frame camera with an F2.8 lens. The design of the microlens dictates equality. and in its ability to gather light. etc., maybe that’s an unrealistic estimate, so the difference is probably bigger, but still noticeable; especially when we take into account the extra light that the smartphone captures thanks to multi-finger image combining (a simple version of which is described here).
This is where smartphones sequence multiple images and intelligently manipulate them to deal with moving elements in the scene; they essentially make up for in time what they lack in capturing ambient light (sensor size).
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This year’s Pro models capture about 100% and 40% more light in the dark than last year’s Pro and Pro Max models.
So bigger sensors and brighter apertures are better, but what does that mean compared to previous generation models? The iPhone 13 Pro can be expected to show an improvement in low light compared to last year’s 12 Pro, and an improvement of 0.5 EV compared to last year’s 12 Pro Max and this year’s 13 and 13 Mini: Because the 13 Pro’s main camera combination of sensors larger and brighter lenses let in about 100% and ~40% of light from the 12 Pro and 12 Pro Max / 13 main cameras. Apple claims slightly more (2.2x and 47). %), so there may be other factors or influences, but the numbers are generally similar. Video quality, which does not benefit from multi-processing as much as photography (although at least two frames with different exposures are combined into one frame), will see a particularly significant improvement in quality.
Stabilizing the sensor shift over last year’s models should allow longer readings at hand, which also improves night mode. When held tight enough (on a tripod), last year’s Pro models captured 30 seconds with 10 3-second shots; With the IS combination, this year’s Pro models can shoot 3 shots, 10 seconds each in night mode, presumably to reduce the effect of reading noise. It is possible that this combination could also benefit from video stabilization.
Last year’s iPhone 12 Pro models were able to achieve amazing results thanks to the ultra-wide module, thanks to the presence of night mode and ProRaw.
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The ultra-wide cameras have also been updated, now with a brighter F1.8 aperture (versus last year’s models’ F2.4) and phase detection autofocus. This ultra-wide camera is now available as a full frame F15.1, up from last year’s models F20.2. It’s 78% (0.83EV) brighter, which is a big plus for this tiny 1/3.4-inch sensor.
Adding autofocus allows the ultra-wide to stop down to about 2cm for some seriously impressive macro shots, according to samples shared by Apple;
Apple also claims a “faster sensor”, which we interpret as “faster reading speed”. The fast reading speed offers many benefits, from reducing blurring artifacts and bending in artificial light. Additionally, faster sensor readouts could theoretically improve video electronic image stabilization by increasing the time between reading one video frame and reading the next. However, we have yet to find out if the 13 Pro models realize this advantage.
The telephoto lens has been improved in several ways. first with a 77mm equivalent, it now has 3x the field of view of a 26mm wide camera, rather than a 2.5x65mm equivalent. module on last year 12 Pro Max or 2.0 x 52mm equivalent. module for 12 Pro. This gives you more flexibility and the potential to isolate elements. But with this increase in “growth” the ability to gather light decreases; The F2.0 and F2.2 apertures of last year’s Pro and Pro Max models are replaced by an F2.8 aperture, which turns out to be roughly equivalent. at F23.8 in full frame.
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Outside of portrait mode, don’t expect the subject to pop out of the background. None of this is too surprising. as the focal length increases, the physical size of the aperture must increase to maintain the same F-number, which means, you guessed it, larger optics. There’s only so much room in these tiny camera cases.
The second, perhaps more interesting development of the telephoto lens module is the availability of a night mode. Last year, the iPhone 12 brought night mode to the ultra-wide camera, but this year it’s finally available for all three cameras (if you already thought you had night mode on the telephoto lens module, it’s only because the level the light has dropped so much : very). it’s rare that the iPhone went on and off in the 1x module).
This is a welcome addition (for example, Google’s Pixel 4 enjoyed it in 2019 on its 48 mm module) and should allow low-light photos taken with the telephoto lens, which are otherwise limited by the small sensor. are blocked and (relatively) narrowly constructed, improve significantly. gate
Look at iPhone photos. The year is changing