How To Diagnose Lupus Symptoms – Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks healthy tissue. It can cause a wide range of symptoms throughout the body. Medical treatment and home remedies can help.
According to the Lupus Foundation of America, people report about 16,000 new cases of lupus each year in the United States, and 1.5 million people in the US may be living with the disease.
How To Diagnose Lupus Symptoms
There are many different types of lupus, including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), cutaneous lupus (such as discoid lupus erythematosus [DLE]), drug-induced lupus (DIL), and infantile lupus.
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SLE is the most common form of lupus, accounting for 70% of lupus cases. This is a systemic condition. This means that it can affect different organs and systems throughout the body. Because of this, SLE is a more severe form of lupus. Symptoms can vary from mild to severe.
The condition usually goes through periods of flare-ups and remissions. During remission, a person with lupus may have no symptoms. During a relapse, the disease is active and a person’s symptoms return or new symptoms appear.
Some people with SLE may have frequent breakouts. Others may experience them only every few years. Others may experience prolonged activity.
Help Your Doctor Diagnose Lupus
In DLE, a type of cutaneous lupus, symptoms affect only the skin. DLE appears as a circular lesion, usually on the skin and face, although it can appear on other parts of the body, such as the inside of the ear.
The lesions are usually red and may become thick and scaly. In some cases, the lesions lead to scarring and discoloration of the skin. If the lesion occurs on the scalp, hair will not grow back in that area.
DLE does not affect internal organs, but about 10% of people with DLE develop SLE, according to the Lupus Foundation of America. However, it is possible that these people already have SLE and that their skin symptoms lead to the diagnosis of DLE first.
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Subcutaneous lupus erythematosus refers to skin lesions that appear on parts of the body that are exposed to the sun. These lesions do not cause scarring, but they can change the color of the skin.
DIL is an autoimmune condition caused by certain drugs. Symptoms are usually similar to those of SLE, but are often less severe. more than
Symptoms of DIL usually appear after months or years of continuous treatment with these drugs. About 5% of people taking hydralazine and 20% of people taking long-term procainamide develop DIL. Although other drugs can cause DIL, the likelihood is very low.
Differences Between Rheumatoid Arthritis And Lupus
Neonatal lupus is a condition that occurs in babies when their birth parents pass certain antibodies across the placenta during pregnancy.
Antibodies that can cause neonatal lupus are antibodies associated with lupus and Sjögren’s disease. A birth parent may have one of these conditions or none at all, but these antibodies can still be passed on. When this happens, the possibility of developing infantile lupus is considered.
The skin symptoms of infantile lupus usually disappear after a few weeks. However, some infants may have congenital heart block, in which the heart cannot control its normal, rhythmic pumping action. This is a more serious problem and the child may need stimulants.
Discoid Lupus Erythematosus Primarily Affects Your Skin
Most children born to parents with SLE are completely healthy. However, a person with SLE can talk to their doctor about how their condition may affect their pregnancy.
The immune system is a complex network of organs, tissues and cells. It protects the body by fighting against foreign bodies such as viruses, bacteria, fungi and toxins. It also removes dead or damaged cells.
The immune system protects the body by producing Y-shaped proteins called antibodies. These antibodies neutralize the threat or signal other cells to eliminate it. Special white blood cells called B lymphocytes produce these antibodies.
Lupus Nephritis (ln) :: Aurinia Pharmaceuticals Inc. (auph)
When a person has an autoimmune condition, such as lupus, the immune system cannot distinguish between foreign substances or antigens and healthy tissue. The body mistakenly thinks it is a stranger.
As a result, the immune system directs antibodies against both healthy tissue and antigens. This causes swelling, pain and tissue damage.
Antinuclear antibodies (ANAs) are commonly found in people with autoimmune conditions such as lupus. They work by targeting the nucleus of the body’s own cells. The nucleus is the part of the cell that contains the genetic material.
Differences Between Lupus And Ms
Researchers still don’t fully understand what causes lupus, but they believe it is caused by a variety of factors.
One possible theory has to do with cell death, a natural process that occurs when the body’s cells are renewed. Research shows that due to genetic factors, the body of people with lupus cannot clear away dead cells properly.
Lupus can develop in response to many factors. This can be hormonal, genetic, environmental or a combination of these factors.
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Hormones are chemicals that the body produces. They control and regulate the activity of specific cells and organs.
Notes that women between the ages of 15 and 44 are 9 times more likely to develop lupus than men.
Symptoms and diagnosis often occur between the ages of 15 and 45, during the reproductive years. However, 20% of cases appear after the age of 50.
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Suggests that exposure to estrogen, a sex hormone that women produce more than men, may increase the risk of autoimmune diseases such as lupus.
This is further supported by many girls experiencing lupus symptoms before menstruation and during pregnancy, when estrogen levels are high.
Although more research is needed, the presence of sex hormones may explain why lupus is more common in older girls.
Infographic: Barriers To Lupus Diagnosis & Care
Although more research is needed, scientists have identified certain genes that play a role in the immune system’s response that may contribute to the development of lupus. Evidence suggests that a person is more likely to develop lupus if a family member has lupus, and that genetics may be a risk factor.
Twin studies also show that if one member of an identical twin has lupus, the other has a 24% chance of developing the disease.
Lupus can occur in people who do not have a family history of the disease, but who have a family history of other autoimmune conditions.
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People of any background can develop lupus, but African American, Hispanic/Latina, Asian American, Native, Alaskan, Hawaiian, and other Pacific Islander girls are two to three times more common than white girls.
Shows that for women of color, symptoms appear earlier and are more severe. This research highlights the need for increased medical care, early diagnosis and treatment.
Lupus risk factors include a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Lupus is more common in certain demographics, which may be partly due to genetics. However, differences in some outcomes, such as disease progression and mortality, may be due to social factors such as health inequalities.
What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Lupus?
Lupus can occur in people of all ages. According to the American College of Rheumatology, 20% of people with lupus develop the disease by age 20. It is rare for people to develop lupus before the age of 5.
Lupus that develops in childhood has more severe symptoms and often affects the kidneys, with up to 50% of children having kidney symptoms.
Lupus symptoms appear during flare-ups. Between flares, people usually experience periods of remission, when symptoms are minimal or absent.
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Lupus can vary from person to person. Evidence shows that lupus can be different in men and women. Women have less severe symptoms than men.
There is a misconception that only girls can get lupus. Although less common, men can also have lupus.
When a person has lupus, they are more likely to get infections because both the disease and its treatment weaken the immune system. Common infections include:
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This occurs when the blood supply to the bone is poor, resulting in small breaks. Eventually, this can lead to bone fractures. People with lupus may be at increased risk of developing this condition due to the condition and medications such as corticosteroids used to treat lupus.
People with lupus have an increased risk of pregnancy loss, premature birth, and preeclampsia, a dangerous condition that involves high blood pressure. To reduce the risk of this problem, doctors often
The American College of Rheumatology uses a standard classification scheme to confirm the diagnosis. If a person meets 4 of the 11 criteria, a doctor will consider a diagnosis of lupus.
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However, this system also sometimes misses early and mild cases of lupus. Misdiagnosis can occur because the signs and symptoms of lupus are not specific.
On the other hand, some blood tests can lead to overdiagnosis because people without lupus may have the same antibodies as people with lupus.
The doctor will ask about symptoms, perform a physical exam, and take a personal and family medical history. They will also consider the 11 criteria mentioned above.
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Biomarkers are antibodies, proteins, genetics and other factors that can tell a doctor
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